RESEARCH NEWS
Non-Nutritive Sweeteners Don’t Up Blood Glucose Levels
 

Consumption of non-nutritive sweeteners (NNSs) does not increase blood glucose levels, a review in the European Journal of Clinical Nutrition finds. Researchers analyzed 29 randomized controlled trials with 741 participants to quantitatively synthesize evidence on the glycemic impact of NNSs. The NNSs examined were aspartame, saccharin, steviosides, and sucralose. The researchers found that NNS consumption was found not to increase blood glucose level compared with baseline. After consumption, the concentration of NNS gradually decreased over the course of observation.


Fri, 25 May 2018 BREAKING NEWS
Congress Approves Bill Expanding Private Care for VA Patients
 

Patients served by the beleaguered Veterans Affairs health system may have wider access to private care, thanks to a bill approved by the Senate. President Donald Trump is known to support the bill, which awaits his signature. The Senate passed the bill 92 to 5 vote, thereby avoiding a shutdown of the VA’s Choice private-sector program, the AP said. That program was expected to run out of funding next week, which would have necessitated cutbacks in care to veterans.


Fri, 25 May 2018 BREAKING NEWS
12 County-Level Factors Affect Individual Well-Being in U.S.
 

Twelve county-level factors, including social and economic, clinical care, and physical environment, explain variation in resident well-being in the U.S., according to research in PLOS ONE. These 12 factors explained 91% of the total variance in well-being: demographic (percent black); social and economic (child poverty, education level, household income, percent divorced); clinical care (percent eligible women obtaining mammography, preventable hospital stays per 100,000, number of federally qualified health centers); and physical environment (percent commuting by bicycle and public transit).


Fri, 25 May 2018 BREAKING NEWS
Financial Incentives May Up Rates of Smoker Abstinence
 

Financial incentives added to free cessation aids can improve the rate of sustained abstinence among smokers, according to a study published in the New England Journal of Medicine. Researchers randomized smokers employed by 54 companies to one of four smoking-cessation interventions or usual care and found that sustained abstinence rates through six months were 0.1, 0.5, 1, 2, and 2.9 in the usual care, free cessation aids, free e-cigarettes, rewards, and redeemable deposit groups, respectively.


Thu, 24 May 2018 BREAKING NEWS
PSA Level Three Months After Radiation Tx May Predict Outcome
 

Prostate-specific antigen (PSA) levels three months after radiotherapy (RT) are strong markers of prostate cancer outcomes for patients with intermediate- and high-risk disease, according to a study in Cancer. Researchers used Veterans Affairs data to identify 5,783 patients with intermediate-risk or high-risk localized prostate cancer who were treated with RT and androgen deprivation therapy, and found that a higher three-month PSA level was strongly associated with biochemical progression-free survival (bPFS), prostate cancer-specific survival (PCSS), and overall survival (OS).


Thu, 24 May 2018 BREAKING NEWS
Dupilumab Reduces Rate of Severe Asthma Exacerbations
 

Add-on dupilumab reduces the rate of severe asthma exacerbations in uncontrolled asthma; it also reduces the glucocorticoid dose for glucocorticoid-treated asthma, according to two studies published in the New England Journal of Medicine. The research was published to coincide with the American Thoracic Society’s 2018 International Conference, held in San Diego. “In patients with glucocorticoid-dependent severe asthma, dupilumab treatment reduced oral glucocorticoid use while decreasing the rate of severe exacerbations and increasing the FEV1,” the authors write.


Thu, 24 May 2018 BREAKING NEWS